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1 New Concepts in Science*

NBC NEWS: 'I'm an Atheist': Stephen Hawking on God and Space Travel

rld-famous theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking says flat-out that he doesn't believe in God, but he does believe that space travel offers the best hope for our species' immortality. Those pronouncements came during the buildup to this week's Starmus Festival at Tenerife in the Canary Islands, where Hawking and other scientific luminaries have gathered for rounds of talks, tours and elbow-rubbing. The Spanish newspaper El Mundo engineered an exclusive interview with Hawking, and headlined its report with his views on the origins of the universe.

Matemaгия (Mathemagic)
Arthur Benjamin

Генетические исследования показали, что евреи, несмотря на то, что тысячелетиями были рассеяны по странам и континентам, не только религиозно, но и этнически единый народ

Это исследование важно для всего человечества. Финны и евреи — важные объекты генетики человека, потому что обе группы имеют из-за близкородственного скрещивания весьма гомогенные геномы. Это делает финнов и евреев идеальными объектами изучения, своего рода дрозофилами или морскими свинками; они несут нам новые знания о генах вообще. Новые исследования действительно революционны: уже завтра генетики смогут рассказать каждому землянину, кем, с большой долей вероятности, были его предки.

Resonance Conversion as a Catalyser of NuclearReactions
KARPESHIN Feodor, ZHANG Jingbo, and ZHANG Weining

Dear Professor Magarshak, Please, find a paper on “Resonance Conversion as a Catalyser of Nuclear Reactions”, Au.: KARPESHIN Feodor, ZHANG Jingbo, and ZHANG Weining, on the website http://arxiv.org/pdf/1408.4174v1.pdf I propose it to put into the new journal, “New Concepts in Science”. Looking forward to hear from you soon! Best regards Fiodor Karpeshiin

Rethinking the origins of the universe
site of the University of North Caroline By Thania Benios, Office of Communications and Public Affairs

Black holes have long captured the public imagination and been the subject of popular culture, from Star Trek to Hollywood. They are the ultimate unknown – the blackest and most dense objects in the universe that do not even let light escape. And as if they weren’t bizarre enough to begin with, now add this to the mix: they don’t exist. By merging two seemingly conflicting theories, Laura Mersini-Houghton, a physics professor at UNC-Chapel Hill in the College of Arts and Sciences, has proven, mathematically, that black holes can never come into being in the first place. The work not only forces scientists to reimagine the fabric of space-time, but also rethink the origins of the universe. “I’m still not over the shock,” said Mersini-Houghton. “We’ve been studying this problem for a more than 50 years and this solution gives us a lot to think about.” For decades, black holes were thought to form when a massive star collapses under its own gravity to a single point in space – imagine the Earth being squished into a ball the size of a peanut – called a singularity. So the story went, an invisible membrane known as the event horizon surrounds the singularity and crossing this horizon means that you could never cross back. It’s the point where a black hole’s gravitational pull is so strong that nothing can escape it. The reason black holes are so bizarre is that it pits two fundamental theories of the universe against each other. Einstein’s theory of gravity predicts the formation of black holes but a fundamental law of quantum theory states that no information from the universe can ever disappear. Efforts to combine these two theories lead to mathematical nonsense, and became known as the information loss paradox. In 1974, Stephen Hawking used quantum mechanics to show that black holes emit radiation. Since then, scientists have detected fingerprints in the cosmos that are consistent with this radiation, identifying an ever-increasing list of the universe’s black holes. But now Mersini-Houghton describes an entirely new scenario. She and Hawking both agree that as a star collapses under its own gravity, it produces Hawking radiation. However, in her new work, Mersini-Houghton shows that by giving off this radiation, the star also sheds mass. So much so that as it shrinks it no longer has the density to become a black hole.

DISCOVER MAGAZINE: Earth’s Water Is Older Than the Sun
By Carl Engelking

The sun, at 4.6 billion years old, predates all the other bodies in our solar system. But it turns out that much of the water we swim in and drink here on Earth is even older. A new model of the chemistry of the early solar system finds that up to half the water now on Earth was inherited from an abundant supply of interstellar ice as our sun formed. That means our solar system’s moisture wasn’t the result of local conditions in the proto-planetary disk, but rather a regular feature of planetary formation — raising hopes that life could indeed exist elsewhere in the universe.

On Speeds in Special Relativity
Edward Kapuscik Professor Emeritus University of Lodz, Poland

It is shown that the commonly accepted fundamental paradigm of Spe- cial Relativity on the maximality of the speed of light is false. Tachyons, the superluminal objects, are allowed by Special Relativity equally well as subluminal particles are. However, for tachyons there do not exist rest frames and the notion of rest mass or rest energy for tachyons cannot be operationally defined. Instead of that the notion of energy in the reference frame where tachyons move with infinite speed is defined. The expres- sions for energy and momentum of superluminal objects are derived. The momentum vanishes for objects moving with infinite speed. This may explain the weakness of interaction of superluminal objects with other objects. The paper appeals for a change in teaching Special Relativity.

On a Fatal Error in Tachyonic Physics
Edward Kapuscik University of Lod z and Institute of Nuclear Physics PAS, Krakow Poland

A fatal error in the famous paper on tachyons by Gerald Feinberg is pointed out. The correct expressions for energy and momentum of tachyons are derived. is pointed out. The correct expressions for energy and momentum of

Eugene Levich

Presented for publication in NewConcepts Journal by editor-in Chief of Old and New Concepts in Physics Journal Edward Kapuscik

Eugene Levich

From the times of antiquity philosophers and scientists have been straining mindsover the primeval nature of order and chaos. Modern cosmologists and philosophersstill do the same. What had been at the beginning? Had it been primordial chaos, orprimordial order, or there had been no beginning?From the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy we learn that Plato (born between 429and 423 BC) was "deeply impressed with the order and beauty he observes in theuniverse and his project in the dialogue is to explain order and beauty. The universe,Plato proposes, is the product of rational, purposive, and beneficent agency. It isthe handiwork of a divine Craftsman (“Demiurge”) who, imitating anunchanging and eternal model, imposes mathematical order on preexistent chaosto generate the ordered universe (Greek kosmos).The governing explanatory principle of the account is teleological: the universe as awhole as well as its various parts are so arranged as to produce a vast array of goodeffects. It strikes Plato strongly that this arrangement is not fortuitous, but theoutcome of the deliberate intent of Intellect (nous), anthropomorphically represented by the Craftsman who plans and constructs a world that is as excellent asits nature permits it to be"

Andrzej Horzela H.Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Eliasza-Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31342 Krakow, Poland e-mail: Andrzej.Horzela@ifj.edu.pl

Presented by editor-in-chief of the Journal OLD AND NEW CONCEPTS IN PHYSICS EDUARD KAPUSCIK

Иерархии Фундаментальных Констант
В.А. Рубаков

для обсуждения в NCJ статья представлена автором

Michael Heller Philosophical Faculty PAT, Cracow and Vatican Observatory

Old and New Concepts in Physics Journal v.1-1 pp. 1-10. Presented by the editor-in-chief Edward Kapuscik

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